RN-18 based viral infectivity factor (Vif), Vif antagonists reduce viral infectivity by rescuing APOBEC3G (A3G) expression and enhancing A3G-dependent Vif degradation. Replacement of amide functionality in RN-18 (IC50 = 6 μM) by isosteric heterocycles resulted in the discovery of a 1,2,3-trizole, Id (IC50 = 1.2 μM). We identified several potent HIV-1 inhibitors from a Id based library including 5ax (IC50 = 0.01 μM), 5bx (0.2 μM), 2ey (0.4 μM), 5ey (0.6 μM), and 6bx (0.2 μ M).
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