The maintenance of body cell mass (BCM) is critical for survival in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Accuracy of bioimpedance for measuring change (Δ) in intracellular water (ICW), which defines BCM, is uncertain. To evaluate bioimpedance-estimated ΔBCM, the ICW of 21 weight- losing HIV patients was measured before and after anabolic steroid therapy by dilution (total body water by deuterium - extracellular water by bromide) and bioimpedance. Multiple-frequency modeling- and dilution-determined ΔICW did not differ. The ΔICW was predicted poorly by 50-kHz parallel reactance, 50- kHz impedance, and 200 5-kHz impedance. The ΔICW predicted by 500 - 5-kHz impedance was closer to, but statistically different from, dilution- determined ΔICW. However, the effect of random error on the measurement of systematic error in the 500 5-kHz method was 12-13% of the average measured ΔICW; this was nearly twice the percent difference between obtained and threshold statistics. Although the 500 - 5-kHz method cannot be fully rejected, these results support the conclusion that only the multiple- frequency modeling approach accurately monitors ΔBCM in HIV infection.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- Extracellular water
- Human immunodeficiency virus
- Intracellular water
- Weight loss