A comparison of computed tomography perfusion-guided and time-guided endovascular treatments for patients with acute ischemic stroke

Ameer E. Hassan, Haralabos Zacharatos, Gustavo J. Rodriguez, Gabriela Vazquez, Jefferson T. Miley, Ramachandra P. Tummala, M. Fareed K. Suri, Robert A. Taylor, Adnan I. Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose-: The role of CT perfusion (CT-P) imaging for the selection of patients with acute ischemic stroke who may benefit from endovascular treatment is not defined. The objective of this study was to determine whether CT-P-guided endovascular treatment improves clinical outcomes compared with standard endovascular treatment based on the time interval between symptom onset and presentation and noncontrast cranial CT imaging. Methods-: A retrospective study was performed comparing the clinical characteristics, complications, and clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke who were treated using endovascular modalities based on either CT-P imaging (CT-P-guided) or time interval between symptom onset and presentation and absence of intracerebral hemorrhage or extensive ischemic changes on noncontrast cranial CT scan (time-guided). Results-: The rates of partial and complete recanalization were similar between the CT-P-and time-guided treatment groups (n=61 [88%] versus n=103 [81%]; P=0.52) regardless of whether they received intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator before endovascular treatment. Comparing the CT-P-guided with the time-guided patients, favorable discharge outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0 to 2) was observed in 23 (32%) versus 41 (33%) of the patients, respectively (P=0.9). In-hospital mortality was observed in 15 (21%) of CT-P-and 29 (23%) of time-guided patients (P=0.74). Conclusion-: CT-P-guided endovascular treatment did not increase the rate of short-term favorable outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke. Prospective studies are required to validate the CT-P criteria and protocols currently in use before incorporating CT-P as a routine modality for patient selection for endovascular treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1673-1678
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • acute ischemic stroke
  • computed tomographic perfusion
  • endovascular treatment
  • thrombectomy
  • thrombolysis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A comparison of computed tomography perfusion-guided and time-guided endovascular treatments for patients with acute ischemic stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this