A comparison of the accuracy of self-reported intake with measured intake of a laboratory overeating episode in overweight and obese women with and without binge eating disorder

Lindsay T. Bartholome, Roseann E. Peterson, Susan K. Raatz, Nancy C Raymond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Research has demonstrated significant underreporting of food intake in obese individuals with and without binge eating disorder (BED). An improved understanding of the accuracy of self-reported food intake is central to diagnosis of eating disorders and monitoring response to treatment. The purpose was to: (1) confirm those with BED consume significantly more kilocalories (kcal) than overweight/obese controls when instructed to overeat in the laboratory and (2) compare dietary recall data with measured intake. Methods: Fifteen women fulfilling BED criteria and 17 controls participated in an overeating episode and completed a 24-h dietary recall. Results: BED participants consumed significantly more kilocalories according to both methodologies. The BED group self-reported 90% of the measured intake compared to 98% for the control group. Mean differences between the methods indicated that on average both groups underreported intake; however, the mean difference between methods was significantly greater in the BED group. Conclusions: Findings confirm that those with BED consume significantly more than controls during a laboratory binge and controls tended to be more accurate in recalling their intake 24 h later.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-202
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This study was funded by a National Institutes of Health Grant (R01 MH 060199, MO1-RR00400), supported in part by the Minnesota Obesity Center Grant (P30 DK 60456) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA-26119). The authors wish to thank Jennifer Hommerding for her assistance with data collection.

Keywords

  • Binge eating disorder
  • Dietary recall
  • Food intake
  • Meal patterning
  • Obesity
  • Underreporting

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