A finite element analysis of ceramic restorations in endodontically treated premolars

Liang Lin Seow, Chooi Gait Toh, Alex Siu Lun Fok, Nairn H.F. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the level and distribution of stresses in endodontically treated maxillary premolar teeth restored using various cavity designs of bonded all-ceramic restorations. The hypothesis tested was that the various all-ceramic approaches, including incorporating a pulp chamber extension in the restoration, had no influence on the stresses in the restored tooth unit. Methods: Finite element packages Patran and Abaqus were used for the stress analysis. The cavity designs investigated include: (1) inlay (I); (2) inlay with palatal cusp coverage (IPC); (3) onlay (O); (4) inlay with pulp chamber extension (IPE); (5) inlay with palatal cusp coverage and pulp chamber extension (IPCPE); and (6) onlay with pulp chamber extension (OPE). Results: In each case, tensile stresses were found to be concentrated subjacent to the occlusal fossa. Peak tensile stress and peak shear stress values along the tooth/restoration interface for IPC, O IPCPE and OPE cavity designs were found to be associated with the axiogingival line angle. Overall, the order of the various forms of restoration investigated in terms of the maximum principal stress (from greatest to lowest) was as follows: IPE> IPCPE> OPE> I> IPC> O.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Volume21
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

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