A Flexible Photoelectrochemical Sensor for Hexavalent Chromium Detection

Qingyuan Liu, Jungyoon Kim, Tianhong Cui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents a photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor using flexible polymer as the substrate for detection of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) ions, showing a large sensing range from part per billion (ppb) level to part per million (ppm) level. This sensor utilizes layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembled graphene intercalation to mediate the Schottky barrier formed between the metal electrodes (Au) and the photon-sensitive material (titanium dioxide, TiO2), which enhances the photocurrent of the sensor more than three times. Additionally, graphene layer also improves the stability of the sensing signal (photocurrent) due to its role in facilitating the separation of photon-excited electrons and holes. Quercetin is used as the selective material in the sensing system, which can specifically interact with Cr(VI). The flexibility of metal electrode and nanomaterial films of the sensor allows the adoption of a flexible substrate, with great application potential in wearable or implantable sensors for animals and plants. The sensor shows a detection range from 14.9 to 3194.1 ppb in dissolved air, with a low detection limit of 9.5 ppb.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication33rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, MEMS 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages701-704
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728135809
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020
Event33rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, MEMS 2020 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: Jan 18 2020Jan 22 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS)
Volume2020-January
ISSN (Print)1084-6999

Conference

Conference33rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, MEMS 2020
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period1/18/201/22/20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Portions of this work were conducted in the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by the National Science Foundation through the National Nano Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI) under Award Number ECCS-1542202.

Keywords

  • Photoelectrochemical sensor
  • TiO nanoparticle
  • flexible substrate
  • graphene
  • hexavalent chromium

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