A fluorescence-based high-throughput assay to identify inhibitors of tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase activity

Wenbo Zhou, Yan Wang, Jiashu Xie, Robert J Geraghty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tyrosylprotein sulfotransferases (TPSTs) are Golgi-resident enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a sulfuryl group to the side chain hydroxyl of tyrosine residues. Sulfotyrosine residues are involved in protein-protein interactions in the extracellular space. These interactions are important for chemokines to bind cognate receptor, for cell adhesion and trafficking, and for pathogen entry into cells. To better understand the role of TPSTs in cellular processes and disease states, we are interested in identifying small molecules to modulate TPST activity in experimental systems. Towards that end, we developed a fluorescent peptide assay for TPST2 activity. Here, we demonstrate that this assay can be used to screen the 1280 compound LOPAC library in a 384-well format and in a high-throughput manner. We identified 19 primary hits for a hit rate of 1.5%. Three of the primary hits were verified by dose-response assay and confirmed as inhibitors by a secondary mass spectrometry assay for TPST activity. One hit, suramin, possessed inhibitory properties consistent with a competitive inhibitor of substrate binding and molecular docking revealed a good fit into the TPST2 substrate-binding pocket. This assay can be used to screen larger libraries to identify small molecules that inhibit TPST sulfotransferase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1207-1212
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume482
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Robert Vince, Abbas Raza, Christine Dreis, Liqiang Chen and Zhengqiang Wang for helpful discussions. This work was funded by the Center for Drug Design at the University of Minnesota.

Keywords

  • Fluorescence
  • High-throughput
  • Sulfotransferase
  • Suramin
  • TPST

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