While functional studies of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have mostly focused on how they influence disease diagnosis and prognosis, the pharmacogenomic relevance of lncRNAs remains largely unknown. Here, we test the hypothesis that the expression of a lncRNA, grow arrest-specific 5 (GAS5) can be a biomarker for docetaxel response in castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) using both prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines and CRPC patient datasets. Our results suggest that lower GAS5 expression is associated with docetaxel resistance in both PCa cell lines and CRPC patients. Further experiments also suggest that GAS5 is downregulated in docetaxel resistant CRPC cell lines, which reinforces its potential as a biomarker for docetaxel response. To examine the underlying biological mechanisms, we transiently knockdown GAS5 expression in PCa cell lines and then subject the cells to docetaxel treatment overtime. We did not observe a decrease in docetaxel induced growth inhibition or apoptosis in the siRNA treated cells. The findings suggest that there is no direct causal relationship between change in GAS5 expression and docetaxel response. Subsequently, we explored the indirect regulation among GAS5, ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1), and docetaxel sensitivity. We showed that transient knockdown GAS5 did not lead to significant changes in ABCB1 expression. Therefore, we rule out the hypothesis that GAS5 directly down regulate ABCB1 that lead to docetaxel sensitivity. In conclusion, our work suggests that GAS5 can serve as a predictive biomarker for docetaxel response in CRPC; however, the exact mechanism behind the observed correlation remain to be elucidated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a NIH/NCI grant R01CA204856. YS received a CTSI A-PReP Fellowship. YH receives 3M Fellowship. RH also receives support from a research grant from the Avon Foundation for Women; a NIH/NCI grant R01CA229618; a University of Minnesota Faculty Research development grant and a University of Minnesota Grant-in-Aid award.
© Copyright © 2021 Shan, Huang, Lee, Mentzer, Ling and Huang.
- castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)
- drug resistance
- long noncoding (lnc) RNA
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article