A Medical/Vocational Case Coordination System for persons with brain injury: An evaluation of employment outcomes

James F. Malec, Angela L.H. Buffington, Anne M. Moessner, Lisa Degiorgio

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88 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate initial placement and 1-year employment outcomes of a Medical/Vocational Case Coordination System (MVCCS) for persons with brain injury (BI) that provides: (1) early case identification and coordination, (2) appropriate medical and vocational rehabilitation interventions, (3) work trials, and (4) supported employment interventions including job coaching. Participants: One hundred fourteen Minnesota residents, ages 18 to 65 years, with acquired BI. Main Outcome Measures: Outcome: Five levels of Vocational Independence Scale (VIS). Predictor: Preinjury employment status (VIS) and years of education, severity of initial injury, time since injury, current impairment/disability as measured by the Rasch-analyzed Staff Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI), and impaired self-awareness measured by staff rating and the difference between Staff MPAI and Survivor MPAI. Results: At placement, 46% in independent work; 25% in transitional placements; 9% in long-term supported employment; 10% in sheltered work; and 10% not placed. At 1-year follow-up (n = 101); 53% in independent work; 19% in transitional placement; 9% in supported work; 6% in sheltered work; and 13% unemployed. Regression analyses showed time since injury and Rasch Staff MPAI predicted VIS at placement; only VIS at placement independently predicted VIS at 1-year follow-up; Rasch Staff MPAI and preinjury education level predicted time to placement. Conclusions: The MVCCS optimized vocational outcome after BI. Time since injury and impairment/disability best predicted vocational placement. Level of initial placement best predicted employment status at follow-up. Persons with greater disability required more extended time and more extensive rehabilitation services before placement. (C) 2000 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1015
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported in part by grants from the Minnesota Department of Economic Security—Rehabilitation Services Branch, the Mayo Foundation, and a TBI Model System grant from the National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research.


  • Brain injuries
  • Case management
  • Employment
  • Rehabilitation, vocational


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