The first online method with 1s time resolution for Geometric Surface Area (GSA) measurement of aerosol nanoparticles and the corresponding instrumentation prototype were proposed and developed in this study. This developed method consists of one diffusion charger, followed by two electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) and two electrometers to acquire two current signals simultaneously, from which GSA concentration is determined by a weighed sum method, with a time resolution of 1s. The method and prototype were first calibrated and verified with monodisperse particles, and its sensitivities under different high voltages were then studied to seek an optimal linear combination between two current signals. Finally, the developed method was tested by both solid and liquid polydisperse nanoparticles and was compared with the Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS). The results showed that this developed method can successfully measure the GSA concentration of aerosol nanoparticles with a good accuracy. The largest difference between this method and SMPS is less than 8%.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3M Corporation, A.O. Smith Company, Applied Materials, Inc., BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co., China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company, Inc., Entegris, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co., Ltd, MSP Corporation; Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co.,Ltd., TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd., and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The authors also thank the financial aid from the project of China Scholarship Council .
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- 1s time resolution
- Diffusion charging
- Geometric surface area
- Weighed sum method