A numerical study of flow patterns, drag and lift for low reynolds number flow past tandem cylinders of various shapes

Yidan Song, Rui Zhu, Terrence Simon, Gongnan Xie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The flow over two different shaped bluff bodies in tandem arrangement was numerically investigated by using the finite volume method with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques. The shape of the downstream main bluff body is a right circular cylinder, with shape unchanged, while the shape of the upstream bluff body varies between: circle, triangle, square, ellipse and cylindrical half-shell. The hydraulic diameters of both front and rear bluff bodies are equal. The analysis is carried out for Reynolds numbers of 100, 300 and 500, and center-tocenter distance ratios, L/D, of 1.5, 2, 3, 4.5 and 6. Flow characteristics in terms of the lift and drag coefficients and Strouhal number are analyzed and the vortex shedding patterns around the bluff bodies are described. The influence of the shape of the fore cylinder on the flow characteristics is the innovation point of this paper. It is concluded that the center-to-center distance ratio, L/D, and the shape of the upstream bluff body have important effects on the drag and lift coefficients, vortex shedding frequencies from the two bluff bodies, and flowfield characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFluids Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791858424
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2017 - Tampa, United States
Duration: Nov 3 2017Nov 9 2017

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume7

Other

OtherASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2017
CountryUnited States
CityTampa
Period11/3/1711/9/17

Keywords

  • Drag force
  • Flow dynamics
  • Hydrodynamic forces
  • Lift force
  • Low-Reynolds number
  • Tandem bluff-bodies
  • Vortex shedding

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