A protease-dependent mechanism for initiating T-dependent B cell responses to large particulate antigens

Drew M. Catron, Kathryn A Pape, Brian T Fife, Nico Van Rooijen, Marc Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ab production is critical for antimicrobial immunity, and the initial step in this process is the binding of Ag to the BCR. It has been shown that small soluble proteins can directly access the lymph node follicles to reach naive B cells, but virus particles must be translocated into follicles via subcapsular sinus macrophages. In this article, we explore how large particulate Ags generate humoral immune responses. Ag-specific follicular B cells rapidly acquired Ag, presented peptide: MHC class II ligands, and produced T-dependent Ab responses following s.c. injection of 1-μm, Ag-linked microspheres, despite the microspheres being confined to the subcapsular sinus. The mechanism of Ag acquisition did not require dendritic cells, subcapsular sinus macrophages, or B cell movement to the subcapsular sinus. Rather, B cell Ag acquisition was protease-dependent, suggesting that some protein Ags are cleaved from the surface of particles to directly initiate humoral immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3609-3617
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume184
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

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