Purpose: Adjuvant radiosurgery to the cavities of surgically resected brain metastases provides excellent local tumor control while reducing the risk of deleterious cognitive decline associated with whole brain radiotherapy. A subset of these patients, however, will develop disease recurrence following radiosurgery. In this study, we sought to assess the predictive capability of radiomic-based models, as compared with standard clinical features, in predicting local tumor control. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients treated with adjuvant radiosurgery for resected brain metastases at the “Institution” from 2009 to 2019. Shape, intensity and texture based radiomics features of the cavities were extracted from the pre-radiosurgery treatment planning MRI scans and trained using a gradient boosting technique with K-fold cross validation. Results: In total, 71 cavities from 67 treated patients were included for analysis. The 6 and 12 month local control estimates were 86% and 76%, respectively. The 6 and 12 month overall survival was 78% and 55%, respectively. Thirty-six patients developed intracranial failures outside of the surgical cavity. The predictive model for local control trained on imaging features from the whole cavity achieved an area-under-the-curve (AUC) of 0.73 on the validation set versus an AUC of 0.40 for the clinical features. Conclusions: Here we report a single institutional experience using radiomic-based predictive modeling of local tumor control following adjuvant Gamma Knife radiosurgery for resected brain metastases. We found the radiomics features to provide more robust predictive models of local control rates versus clinical features alone. Such techniques could potentially prove useful in the clinical setting and warrant further investigation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid of Research, Artistry and Scholarship through the University of Minnesota, grant 416184, and by the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, grants TL1R002493 and UL1TR002494. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences.
© 2021 The Authors
- Brain metastases
- Gamma Knife
- Local control
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article