A regularization approach to joint blur identification and image restoration

Yu Li You, M. Kaveh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

313 Scopus citations


The primary difficulty with blind image restoration, or joint blur identification and image restoration, is insufficient information. This calls for proper incorporation of a priori knowledge about the image and the point-spread function (PSF). A well-known space-adaptive regularization method for image restoration is extended to address this problem. This new method effectively utilizes, among others, the piecewise smoothness of both the image and the PSF. It attempts to minimize a cost function consisting of a restoration error measure and two regularization terms (one for the image and the other for the blur) subject to other hard constraints. A scale problem inherent to the cost function is identified, which, if not properly treated, may hinder the minimization/blind restoration process. Alternating minimization is proposed to solve this problem so that algorithmic efficiency as well as simplicity is significantly increased. Two implementations of alternating minimization based on steepest descent and conjugate gradient methods are presented. Good performance is observed with numerically and photographically blurred images, even though no stringent assumptions about the structure of the underlying blur operator is made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-428
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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