A retrovirus that expresses v-abl and c-myc oncogenes rapidly induces plasmacytomas

D. A. Largaespada, D. A. Kaehler, H. Mishak, E. Weissinger, M. Potter, J. F. Mushinski, R. Risser

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34 Scopus citations


ABL-MYC, a murine retrovirus that encodes the v-abl and c-myc oncogenes, was constructed from Abelson murine leukemia virus (A-MuLV) in order to assess the biological consequences of co-expression of these genes in lymphoid cells. When inoculated into mice this retrovirus induced plasmacytomas in up to 100% of infected mice and less frequently induced pre-B lymphomas. Both tumor types contained genome-length proviruses in one or a few chromosomal locations, were mono- or oligoclonal as judged by immunoglobulin gene rearrangement and had unrearranged endogenous c-myc loci. The type of tumor induced depended upon the age and strain of mouse, and whether helper virus was present in the inoculated virus pool. ABL-MYC induced plasmacytomas with or without helper virus, with or without pretreatment of the mice with pristane, and in strains of mice resistant to pristane-induced plasmacytomas. Pristane treatment prior to ABL-MYC infection shortened the latent period of plasmacytomagenesis and produced mostly IgM-secreting tumors rather than IgA-secreting tumors, which predominantly arose in the absence of pristane. Control viruses for ABL-MYC with either a deletion in v-abl or a frameshift mutation in c-myc caused predominantly monocyte/macrophage tumors and pre-B-cell lymphomas respectively. Histopathological analysis of ABL- MYC-infected mice showed foci of transformed plasma cells as early as 14 days after infection. These results indicate that v-abl and c-myc act synergistically to transform mature B cells with high efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-819
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992


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