DNA topoisomerase II is required for mitotic chromosome condensation and segregation. Here we characterize the effects of inhibiting DNA topoisomerase II activity in plant cells using the non-DNA damaging topoisomerase II inhibitor ICRF-193. We report that ICRF-193 abrogated chromosome condensation in cultured alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and tobacco (Nicotiana tabaccum L.) mitoses and led to bridged chromosomes at anaphase. Moreover, ICRF-193 treatment delayed entry into mitosis, increasing the frequency of cells having a pre-prophase band of microtubules, a marker of late G2 and prophase, and delaying the activation of cyclin-dependent kinase. These data suggest the existence of a late G2 checkpoint in plant cells that is activated in the absence of topoisomerase II activity. To determine whether the checkpoint-induced delay was a result of reduced cyclindependent kinase activity, mitotic cyclin B2 was ectopically expressed. Cyclin B2 bypassed the ICRF-193-induced delay before mitosis, and correspondingly, reduced the frequency of interphase cells with a pre-prophase band. These data provide evidence that plant cells possess a topoisomerase II-dependent G2 cell cycle checkpoint that transiently inhibits mitotic CDK activation and entry into mitosis, and that is overridden by raising the level of CDK activity through the ectopic expression of a plant mitotic cyclin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2002|