A luminescent europium probe that responds to cyanide directly in water with a large nine-fold turn-on of the EuIII centered time-gated luminescence is presented. Unlike other CN- probes reported, the mechanism of action of EuIII-Lys-HOPO does not rely on reaction of CN- with the probe, but on direct coordination of CN- to the EuIII ion concomitant with displacement of three inner-sphere water molecules. This unusual coordination of CN- with a lanthanide ion in aqueous solution was confirmed by luminescence lifetime measurements.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation provided by INFEWS N/P/H2O:SusChEM CHE-1610832.
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