The fraction NP/HA (nucleoprotein/haemagglutinin) obtained from n-octyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside-treated influenza A H5N2 virus was highly enriched for NP with residual haemagglutinin. This preparation was incorporated in ISCOMs. This potent 'immunostimulating complex' induced the production of high antibody titres in turkeys. The NP/HA ISCOMs preparation was found to protect turkeys from both homologous and heterologous challenge infection as shown by reduced viral titres in the lung and trachea of vaccinated turkeys. Clearance of the virus from trachea and lungs was seen at late stages of infection. The vaccine also induced a cellular immune response as measured by T-cell proliferation and a delayed-type hypersensitivity response. The results reported in this study demonstrate that the NP/HA ISCOM vaccine is capable of inducing type-specific immunity and that it has potential utility as a vaccine in turkeys.
- Influenza virus
- type-specific immunity