Let t be a block of an Haar-invariant orthogonal (β = 1), unitary (β = 2) or symplectic (β = 4) matrix from the classical compact groups O (n), U (n) or Sp (n), respectively. We obtain a close form for Var (tr (t* t)). The case for β = 2 is related to a quantum conductance problem, and our formula recovers a result obtained by several authors. Moreover, our result shows that the variance has a limit (8 β)-1 for β = 1, 2 and 4 as the sizes of t go to infinity in a special way. Although t in our formulation comes from a block of an Haar-invariant matrix from the classical compact groups, the above limit is consistent with a formula by Beenakker, where t is a block of a circular ensemble.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2009|