A variegated look at 5G in the wild: Performance, power, and QoE implications

Arvind Narayanan, Xumiao Zhang, Ruiyang Zhu, Ahmad Hassan, Shuowei Jin, Xiao Zhu, Xiaoxuan Zhang, Denis Rybkin, Zhengxuan Yang, Zhuoqing Morley Mao, Feng Qian, Zhi Li Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Motivated by the rapid deployment of 5G, we carry out an in-depth measurement study of the performance, power consumption, and application quality-of-experience (QoE) of commercial 5G networks in the wild. We examine different 5G carriers, deployment schemes (Non-Standalone, NSA vs. Standalone, SA), radio bands (mmWave and sub 6-GHz), protocol configurations (_e.g._ Radio Resource Control state transitions), mobility patterns (stationary, walking, driving), client devices (_i.e._ User Equipment), and upper-layer applications (file download, video streaming, and web browsing). Our findings reveal key characteristics of commercial 5G in terms of throughput, latency, handover behaviors, radio state transitions, and radio power consumption under the above diverse scenarios, with detailed comparisons to 4G/LTE networks. Furthermore, our study provides key insights into how upper-layer applications should best utilize 5G by balancing the critical tradeoff between performance and energy consumption, as well as by taking into account the availability of both network and computation resources. We have released the datasets and tools of our study at https://github.com/SIGCOMM21-5G/artifact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSIGCOMM 2021 - Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM 2021 Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages610-625
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781450383837
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2021
Event2021 Annual Conference of the ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication on the Applications, SIGCOMM 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Aug 23 2021Aug 27 2021

Publication series

NameSIGCOMM 2021 - Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM 2021 Conference

Conference

Conference2021 Annual Conference of the ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication on the Applications, SIGCOMM 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/23/218/27/21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank our shepherd Mythili Vutukuru and the anonymous reviewers for their suggestions and feedback. We also thank Art Brisebois and Gyan Ranjan from Ericsson (US) for providing deeper insights on our measurement study. This research was in part supported by NSF under Grants CNS-1814322, CNS-1836722, CNS-1901103, CNS-1915122, CNS-1903880, CNS-1930041, CNS-1544678, and CCF-1628991.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 ACM.

Keywords

  • 5G
  • dataset
  • energy efficiency
  • latency
  • mmWave
  • network measurement
  • power characteristics
  • power model
  • video streaming

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