Accessibility of the pre-big-bang models to LIGO

Vuk Mandic, Alessandra Buonanno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The recent search for a stochastic background of gravitational waves with LIGO interferometers has produced a new upper bound on the amplitude of this background in the 100 Hz region. We investigate the implications of the current and future LIGO results on pre-big-bang models of the early Universe, determining the exclusion regions in the parameter space of the minimal pre-big-bang scenario. Although the current LIGO reach is still weaker than the indirect bound from big bang nucleosynthesis, future runs by LIGO, in the coming year, and by Advanced LIGO (∼2009) should further constrain the parameter space, and in some parts surpass the Big Bang nucleosynthesis bound. It will be more difficult to constrain the parameter space in nonminimal pre-big bang models, which are characterized by multiple cosmological phases in the yet not well understood stringy phase, and where the higher-order curvature and/or quantum-loop corrections in the string effective action should be included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number063008
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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