Action of hallucinogens on raphe-evoked dorsal root potentials (DRPs) in the cat

Alice A. Larson, Edmund G. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The dorsal root potential (DRP) evoked by stimulation of the inferior central nucleus (ICN) of the cat is affected by administration of a variety of hallucinogenic agents. It has been previously shown that a single low dose of LSD is unique in that it potentiates this DRP, while injections of 5-methoxy-N,N- dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT), ketamine or phencyclidine (PCP) inhibit its production. Tolerance develops to the facilitatory effect of low doses of LSD on the DRP, but not to the inhibitory action of 5-MeODMT. Repeated injections of ketamine every 30 minutes also fail to produce tachyphylaxis to the inhibitory effect of this dissociative anesthetic. The raphe-evoked DRP is a long latency potential that is inhibited by a wide variety of putative serotonin antagonists and has therefore been traditionally thought to be mediated by serotonin. However, in light of the inability of either tryptophan or fluxetine to potentiate this DRP, and the resistance of this DRP to blockade by parachlorophenylalanine, reserpine or intrathecally administered 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine, it appears that this potential may in fact be mediated, at least in part, by a non-serotonergic transmitter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-350
Number of pages4
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1986

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
was supported in part by NIH grant NS17407

Keywords

  • Dorsal root potentials
  • Hallucinogens
  • LSD
  • Serotonin

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