Activity of plazomicin against carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant Escherichia coli isolates from the United States and international sites in relation to clonal background, resistance genes, co-resistance, and region

Brian D Johnston, Paul Thuras, Stephen B. Porter, Melissa Anacker, Brittany Vonbank, Paula Snippes Vagnone, Medora Witwer, Mariana Castanheira, James R Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Emerging carbapenem resistance in Escherichia coli, including sequence type 131 (ST131), threatens therapeutic efficacy. Plazomicin (PLZ), a semisynthetic aminoglycoside approved by the FDA in 2018, overcomes the most common aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms and maintains activity against many carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant (CIR) E. coli strains. Objectives: To assess plazomicin susceptibility among CIR E. coli in relation to region and multiple bacterial characteristics. Methods: We determined broth microdilution MICs for plazomicin and 11 comparators against 343 CIR clinical E. coli isolates, then compared susceptibility results by bacterial characteristics and region. The collection comprised 203 US isolates (2002-17) and 141 isolates from 17 countries in Europe, Latin America, and the Asia-West Pacific region (2003-17). Isolates were characterized for phylogenetic group, resistance-associated sequence types (STs) and subsets thereof, and relevant b-lactamase-encoding genes. Results: Plazomicin exhibited the highest percentage susceptible (89%) after tigecycline (99%). The percentage susceptible to plazomicin varied significantly by phylogroup (63%, group B1; versus >93%, others) and ST131 subclone (92%, H30Rx; versus 87%-89%, H30R1 and non-H30), but not ST. It also varied by resistance genotype [higher with Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), lower with metallo-b-lactamases], global region [highest for Latin America (94%), lowest for Asia-West Pacific (69%)], and US region (80%, South, versus 96%- 100%, others). Although reduced susceptibility to comparators often predicted reduced susceptibility to plazomicin, even among comparator-intermediate or -resistant isolates the plazomicin-susceptible fraction was _77%, except for amikacin (53%). Conclusions: The likely utility of plazomicin against CIR E. coli is high overall, but varies with region and multiple bacterial characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2061-2070
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume76
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

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