Adjusting neutrino interaction models and evaluating uncertainties using NOvA near detector data

M. A. Acero, P. Adamson, G. Agam, L. Aliaga, T. Alion, V. Allakhverdian, N. Anfimov, A. Antoshkin, L. Asquith, A. Aurisano, A. Back, C. Backhouse, M. Baird, N. Balashov, P. Baldi, B. A. Bambah, S. Bashar, K. Bays, S. Bending, R. BernsteinV. Bhatnagar, B. Bhuyan, J. Bian, J. Blair, A. C. Booth, P. Bour, R. Bowles, C. Bromberg, N. Buchanan, A. Butkevich, S. Calvez, T. J. Carroll, E. Catano-Mur, S. Childress, B. C. Choudhary, T. E. Coan, M. Colo, L. Corwin, L. Cremonesi, G. S. Davies, P. F. Derwent, P. Ding, Z. Djurcic, D. Doyle, E. C. Dukes, P. Dung, H. Duyang, S. Edayath, R. Ehrlich, M. Elkins, G. J. Feldman, P. Filip, W. Flanagan, J. Franc, M. J. Frank, H. R. Gallagher, R. Gandrajula, F. Gao, S. Germani, A. Giri, R. A. Gomes, M. C. Goodman, V. Grichine, M. Groh, R. Group, B. Guo, A. Habig, F. Hakl, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, A. Hatzikoutelis, K. Heller, J. Hewes, A. Himmel, A. Holin, B. Howard, J. Huang, J. Hylen, F. Jediny, C. Johnson, M. Judah, I. Kakorin, D. Kalra, D. M. Kaplan, R. Keloth, O. Klimov, L. W. Koerner, L. Kolupaeva, S. Kotelnikov, Ch Kullenberg, A. Kumar, C. D. Kuruppu, V. Kus, T. Lackey, K. Lang, L. Li, S. Lin, M. Lokajicek, S. Luchuk, K. Maan, S. Magill, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, M. Martinez-Casales, V. Matveev, B. Mayes, D. P. Méndez, M. D. Messier, H. Meyer, T. Miao, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, A. Mislivec, R. Mohanta, A. Moren, A. Morozova, L. Mualem, M. Muether, S. Mufson, K. Mulder, R. Murphy, J. Musser, D. Naples, N. Nayak, J. K. Nelson, R. Nichol, G. Nikseresht, E. Niner, A. Norman, A. Norrick, T. Nosek, A. Olshevskiy, T. Olson, J. Paley, R. B. Patterson, G. Pawloski, O. Petrova, R. Petti, R. K. Plunkett, A. Rafique, F. Psihas, A. Radovic, V. Raj, B. Ramson, B. Rebel, P. Rojas, V. Ryabov, O. Samoylov, M. C. Sanchez, S. Sánchez Falero, I. S. Seong, P. Shanahan, A. Sheshukov, P. Singh, V. Singh, E. Smith, J. Smolik, P. Snopok, N. Solomey, A. Sousa, K. Soustruznik, M. Strait, L. Suter, A. Sutton, C. Sweeney, R. L. Talaga, B. Tapia Oregui, P. Tas, R. B. Thayyullathil, J. Thomas, E. Tiras, D. Torbunov, J. Tripathi, Y. Torun, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, Z. Vallari, J. Vasel, P. Vokac, T. Vrba, M. Wallbank, T. K. Warburton, M. Wetstein, D. Whittington, S. G. Wojcicki, J. Wolcott, A. Yallappa Dombara, K. Yonehara, S. Yu, Y. Yu, S. Zadorozhnyy, J. Zalesak, Y. Zhang, R. Zwaska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The two-detector design of the NOvA neutrino oscillation experiment, in which two functionally identical detectors are exposed to an intense neutrino beam, aids in canceling leading order effects of cross-section uncertainties. However, limited knowledge of neutrino interaction cross sections still gives rise to some of the largest systematic uncertainties in current oscillation measurements. We show contemporary models of neutrino interactions to be discrepant with data from NOvA, consistent with discrepancies seen in other experiments. Adjustments to neutrino interaction models in GENIE are presented, creating an effective model that improves agreement with our data. We also describe systematic uncertainties on these models, including uncertainties on multi-nucleon interactions from a newly developed procedure using NOvA near detector data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1119
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume80
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This document was prepared by the NOvA collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Department of Science and Technology, India; the European Research Council; the MSMT CR, GA UK, Czech Republic; the RAS, RFBR, RMES, RSF, and BASIS Foundation, Russia; CNPq and FAPEG, Brazil; STFC, and the Royal Society, United Kingdom; and the state and University of Minnesota. This work used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. We are grateful for the contributions of the staffs of the University of Minnesota at the Ash River Laboratory and of Fermilab.

Funding Information:
This document was prepared by the NOvA collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy; the U.S. National Science Foundation; the Department of Science and Technology, India; the European Research Council; the MSMT CR, GA UK, Czech Republic; the RAS, RFBR, RMES, RSF, and BASIS Foundation, Russia; CNPq and FAPEG, Brazil; STFC, and the Royal Society, United Kingdom; and the state and University of Minnesota. This work used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. We are grateful for the contributions of the staffs of the University of Minnesota at the Ash River Laboratory and of Fermilab.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Author(s).

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