The nutritional requirements of females are greater during adolescence than at any other time of life . A healthful diet that provides adequate amounts of all essential nutrients is critical to support the rapid physical growth and development that characterizes adolescence. In addition, a nutritious diet reduces risk for problems such as iron deficiency anemia, maturational delay, overweight, poor bone mineralization, and poor school performance. The eating behaviors established during adolescence often influence eating behaviors during adulthood, and thus further impact on long-term health status . For example, a diet composed primarily of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and lean protein foods, and that is low in saturated and trans fat may reduce risk for the development of heart disease . Similarly, a diet including adequate calcium and vitamin D may reduce risk for the development of osteoporosis . Several conditions and nutrition concerns are particularly relevant for adolescent females. In addition, some eating habits common among adolescent females impact nutritional intake and warrant attention.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Optimizing Women's Health through Nutrition|
|Number of pages||32|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|