Adolescence is characterized by numerous social, hormonal and physical changes, as well as a marked increase in risk-taking behaviors. Dual systems models attribute adolescent risk-taking to tensions between developing capacities for cognitive control and motivational strivings, which may peak at this time. A comprehensive understanding of neurocognitive development during the adolescent period is necessary to permit the distinction between premorbid vulnerabilities and consequences of behaviors such as substance use. Thus, the prospective assessment of cognitive development is fundamental to the aims of the newly launched Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Consortium. This paper details the rationale for ABC'lected measures of neurocognition, presents preliminary descriptive data on an initial sample of 2299 participants, and provides a context for how this large-scale project can inform our understanding of adolescent neurodevelopment.
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ABCD Neurocognition Workgroup Members Monica Luciana, University of Minnesota, Co-Chair Jim Bjork, Virginia Commonwealth University, Co-Chair Marie Banich, University of Colorado, Boulder Deanna Barch, Washington University Lisa Freund, National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development Stacia Friedman, National Institute of Mental Health Raul Gonzalez, Florida International University Rita Goldstein, Mount Sinai School of Medicine Elizabeth Hoffman, National Institute on Drug Abuse Joanna Jacobus, University of California, San Diego Erin McGlade, University of Utah Bonnie Nagel, Oregon Health & Science University Sara Jo Nixon, University of Florida Catherine Orr, University of Vermont Devin Prouty, SRI International Dana Schloesser, NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research Susan Tapert, University of California, San Diego Ken Warrren, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Margie Mejia Hernandez, University of California San Diego
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