This study utilized the Family Environment Scale and the Experience Sampling Method to evaluate how overall family discord and discord in immediate family interactions were related to adolescents' age, in 101 single-mother families. Mothers' reports of overall family discord decreased across adolescence. In immediate interactions, adolescent boys reported feeling more anger towards their mothers with age, while girls reported feeling less anger with age.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This paper was presented at the National Council on Family Relations, Irvine, CA, 13 November, 1999. This research was supported by the Clareta Walker Fellowship to Jodi Dworkin, and by grants to Reed Larson from the William T. Grant Foundation and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (1 R03 HD35082).