Abnormal biology of α-synuclein (α-Syn) is directly implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and other α-synucleinopathies. Herein, we demonstrate that C-terminally truncated α-Syn (α-SynΔC), enriched in the pathological α-Syn aggregates, is normally generated from full-length α-Syn independent of α-Syn aggregation in brains and in cultured cells. The accumulation of α-SynΔC is enhanced in neuronal cells as compared with nonneuronal cells. Significantly, the expression of familial Parkinson's disease-linked mutant α-Syn is associated with the enhanced cellular accumulation of α-SynΔC Moreover, substoichiometric amounts of α-SynΔC enhance the in vitro aggregation of the more abundant full-length α-Syn. Finally, cases of a-synucleinopathy exhibit increases in the total soluble α-Syn and a higher proportion of soluble α-SynΔC, a condition favoring the aggregation of α-Syn. Collectively, our results indicate that the biology behind the generation and accumulation of α-SynΔC is likely to have relevance for the initiation and the progression of α-Syn aggregation in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 8 2005|
- Lewy body
- Mass spectrometry