Airway Obstruction Worsens in Young Adults with Asthma Who Become Obese

Robert C. Strunk, Ryan Colvin, Leonard B. Bacharier, Anne Fuhlbrigge, Erick Forno, Ana Maria Arbelaez, Kelan G. Tantisira, Paul Williams, Mary V. Lasley, Tamara Chinn, Michele Hinatsu, Clifton T. Furukawa, Leonard C. Altman, Frank S. Virant, Michael S. Kennedy, Stephen Tilles, Jonathan W. Becker, C. Warren Bierman, Dan Crawford, Thomas DuHamelHeather Eliassen, Babi Hammond, Miranda MacLaren, Dominick A. Minotti, Chris Reagan, Gail Shapiro, Marian Sharpe, Ashley Tatum, Grace White, Timothy G. Wighton, Anne Plunkett, Nancy Madden, Susan Anderson, Mark Boehnert, Anita Feins, Amanda Gentile, Natalia Kandror, Kelly MacAulay, Ernestina Sampong, Scott Weiss, Walter Torda, Martha Tata, Sally Babigian, Peter Barrant, Linda Benson, Jose Caicedo, Tatum Calder, Christine Darcy, Anthony DeFilippo, Cindy Dorsainvil, Julie Erickson, Phoebe Fulton, Mary Grace, Jennifer Gilbert, Dirk Greineder, Stephanie Haynes, Margaret Higham, Deborah Jakubowski, Susan Kelleher, Jay Koslof, Dana Mandel, Patricia Martin, Agnes Martinez, Jean McAuliffe, Erika Nakamoto, Paola Pacella, Paula Parks, Johanna Sagarin, Kay Seligsohn, Susan Swords, Meghan Syring, June Traylor, Melissa Van Horn, Carolyn Wells, Ann Whitman, Hartmut Grasemann, Melody Miki, Melinda Solomon, Padmaja Subbarao, Ian MacLusky, Joe Reisman, Henry Levison, Anita Hall, Susan Carpenter, Jennifer Chay, Michelle Collinson, Jane Finlayson-Kulchin, Kenneth Gore, Nina Hipolito, Noreen Holmes, Erica Hoorntje, Sharon Klassen, Joseé Quenneville, Renée Sananes, Christine Wasson, Margaret Wilson, N. Franklin Adkinson, Deborah Bull, Stephanie Philips, Peyton Eggleston, Karen Huss, Leslie Plotnick, Margaret Pulsifer, Cynthia Rand, Nancy Bollers, Kathy Pessaro, Barbara Wheeler, Stanley Szefler, Ronina Covar, Harold S. Nelson, Bruce Bender, Andrew Liu, D. Sundström, Melanie Phillips, Michael P. White, Melanie Gleason, Kristin Brelsford, Jessyca Bridges, Jody Ciacco, Michael Eltz, Jeryl Feeley, Michael Flynn, Tara Junk-Blanchard, Joseph Hassell, Marcia Hefner, Caroline Hendrickson, Daniel Hettleman, Charles G. Irvin, Alan Kamada, Marzena Krawiec, Gary Larsen, Sai Nimmagadda, Kendra Sandoval, Jessica Sheridan, Joseph Spahn, Gayle Spears, Trella Washington, Eric Willcutt, Ivan Cardona, Kirstin Carel, Jayna Doshi, Rich Hendershot, Jeffrey Jacobs, Neal Jain, June ku Brian Kang, Tracy Kruzick, Harvey Leo, Beth Macomber, Jonathan Malka, Chris Mjaanes, John Prpich, Lora Stewart, Ben Song, Grace Tamesis, Robert S. Zeiger, Noah Friedman, Michael H. Mellon, Michael Schatz, Terrie Long, James G. Easton, M. Feinberg, Linda L. Galbreath, Jennifer Gulczynski, Kathleen Harden, Ellen Hansen, Al Jalowayski, Elaine Jenson, Alan Lincoln, Jennie Kaufman, Shirley King, Brian Lopez, Michaela Magiari-Ene, Kathleen Mostafa, Avraham Moscona, Catherine A. Nelle, Jennifer Powers, Elsa Rodriguez, Eva Rodriguez, Karen Sandoval, Nevin W. Wilson, Hengameh H. Raissy, Aaron Jacobs, H. William Kelly, Mary Spicher, Christina Batson, Michelle Harkings, Katie McCallum, Robert Annett, Teresa Archibeque, Naim Bashir, H. Selda Bereket, Marisa Braun, Carrie Bush, Shannon C. Bush, Michael Clayton, Angel Colon-Semidey, Sara Devault, Anna Esparham, Roni Grad, David Hunt, Jeanne Larsson, Sandra McClelland, Bennie McWilliams, Elisha Montoya, Margaret Moreshead, Shirley Murphy, Barbara Ortega, David Weers, Jose Zayas, Leonard Bacharier, Denise Rodgers, Gregg Belle, Gordon R. Bloomberg, W. Patrick Buchanan, Mary Caesar, James M. Corry, Karen DeMuth, Marisa Dolinsky, Edwin B. Fisher, Stephen J. Gaioni, Emily Glynn, Bernadette D. Heckman, Debra Kemp, Lila Kertz, Claire Lawhon, Valerie Morgan, Cynthia Moseid, Tina Oliver-Welker, Diana Richardson, Elizabeth Ryan, Sharon Sagal, Thomas F. Smith, Susan Sylvia, Carl Turner, Deborah K. White, James Tonascia, Patricia Belt, Karen Collins, Betty Collison, John Dodge, Michele Donithan, Cathleen Ewing, Rosetta Jackson, Patrick May, Jill Meinert, Girlie Reyes, Michael Smith, Alice L. Sternberg, Mark L. Van Natta, Annette Wagoner, Laura Wilson, Robert Wise, Katherine Yates, Virginia Taggart, Lois Eggers, James Kiley, Howard Moore, Gang Zheng, Paul Albert, Suzanne Hurd, Sydney Parker, Pamela Randall, Margaret Wu, Michelle Cloutier, John Connett, Leona Cuttler, Frank Gilliland, Clarence E. Davis, Howard Eigen, David Evans, Meyer Kattan, Rogelio Menendez, F. Estelle, R. Simons, Sanford Leikin, Robert Strunk, Reuben Cherniack, Thomas R. DuHamel, Curtis L. Meinert, Gail G. Shapiro, D. Sundström, Robert Zeiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined how developing obesity in early adulthood affects the course of asthma. Objective: We analyzed lung function and asthma impairment and risk among nonobese children with asthma, comparing those who were obese in young adulthood with those who remained nonobese. Methods: We carried out the post hoc analysis of 771 subjects with mild to moderate asthma who were not obese (pediatric definition, body mass index [BMI] < 95th percentile) when enrolled in the Childhood Asthma Management Program at ages 5-12 years. The subjects were then followed to age 20 years or more. For visits at ages 20 years or more, spirometry values as percent predicted and recent asthma symptom scores and prednisone exposure were compared between 579 subjects who were nonobese at all visits and 151 who were obese (adult definition of BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) on at least 1 visit (median number of visits when obese = 4, IQR 2-7). Results: Compared with participants who were nonobese (BMI 23.4 ± 2.6 kg/m2), those who became obese (BMI 31.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2) had significant decreases in forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) (P < .0003) and FEV1 (P = .001), without differences in FVC (P = .15) during visits at ages 20 years or more. For each unit increase of BMI, FEV1 percent predicted decreased by 0.29 (P = .0009). The relationship between BMI and lung function was not confounded by sex or BMI at baseline. Asthma impairment (symptom scores) and risk (prednisone use) did not differ between the 2 groups. Conclusion: Becoming obese in early adulthood was associated with increased airway obstruction, without impact on asthma impairment or risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-771.e2
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Childhood Asthma Management Program trial and CAMP Continuation Study were supported by contracts NO1-HR-16044, 16045, 16046, 16047, 16048, 16049, 16050, 16051, and 16052 with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and General Clinical Research Center grants M01RR00051 , M01RR0099718-24 , M01RR02719-14 , and RR00036 from the National Center for Research Resources . The CAMP Continuation Study/Phases 2 and 3 were supported by grants U01HL075232 , U01HL075407 , U01HL075408 , U01HL075409 , U01HL075415 , U01HL075416 , U01HL075417 , U01HL075419 , U01HL075420 , and U01HL075408 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute . The National Jewish Health site was also supported in part by Colorado CTSA grant UL1RR025780 from NCRR/NIH and UL1TR000154 from NCATS/NIH .

Keywords

  • Childhood asthma
  • Childhood obesity
  • Obese asthma
  • Pulmonary function

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