Altering protein composition by genetically removing phaseolin from common bean seeds containing arcelin or phytohemagglutinin

L. M. Hartweck, T. C. Osborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arcelin seed proteins of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) confer resistance to bruchid pests, and in vitro results suggested that greater resistance could be achieved by increasing the concentration of arcelin. We created backcross lines having arcelin alleles (SMARC lines), or alleles for the related protein phytohemagglutinin (PHA) (SMPHA lines), and a null allele for phaseolin to determine if seeds lacking phaseolin would contain increased quantities of arcelin or PHA proteins. To test the affects of genetically removing phaseolin, SMARC and SMPHA lines were derived as pairs of phaseolin-containing and phaseolin-null lines. Parental, SMARC, and SMPHA lines were grown in a replicated greenhouse trial and measured for days-to-flower, days-to-maturity, seed weight, and for quantities of phaseolin, arcelin dimer, PHA, and total proteins. There were no differences between pairs of phaseolin and phaseolin-null lines for days-to-flower, seed weight or total protein, and inconsistent differences for days-to-maturity. Arcelin concentrations were significantly increased in two of four pairs of SMARC lines, and PHA concentration was significantly greater in four of five pairs of SMPHA lines. These or other changes in the seed protein composition in phaseolin null lines may improve resistance to bruchids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1012-1017
Number of pages6
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume95
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1997

Keywords

  • Insect resistance
  • PHA
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Protein compensation
  • Seed proteins

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