Fatigue cracking is one of the major distresses responsible for the failure of asphalt pavements. The widely-accepted Superpave® volumetric mix design method does not consider screening the asphalt mixes based on their fatigue resistance. Based on a survey conducted in this study, it was found that many state Departments of Transportations (DOTs) do not perform a fatigue test during mix design, mainly due to lack of specialized equipment, trained personnel and consensus about the most appropriate test method. This present study was undertaken to suggest a simple, quick and effective fatigue test method and the corresponding data analysis procedure. It was found that the indirect tension test, which is usually conducted in the DOTs on a regular basis, can be used to characterize the fatigue resistance of asphalt mixes as well. A simplified data analysis approach has been proposed. The fatigue resistance of asphalt mixes can be determined by using a newly derived parameter called Fatigue Index (fi). Fatigue resistance of five different asphalt mixes were evaluated using this new parameter, fi. It was found that the fi parameter were able to statistically discriminate five selected asphalt mixes with respect to their fatigue resistance. The effectiveness of the fi parameter was verified by investigating its correlations with the results of the semi-circular bend and four-point beam fatigue test results.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The financial support provided by the Oklahoma DOT (ODOT) is highly acknowledged. The authors of this report would like to give special thanks to Mr. Kenneth Hobson of ODOT for his continuous support in pursuing different activities of this project. The contributions of Silver Star Company, Moore, OK; Valero Refinery, Ardmore, OK; Kraton Polymer, Houston, TX in providing materials are highly appreciated. Also, the contributions of the Broce Laboratory staff at the University of Oklahoma: Mr. Michael F. Schmitz, Mr. Dheepak Rajendran, Mr. Michael D. Hendrick, and Mr. Adwaita Raghavan are highly appreciated.
- Asphalt mix
- Four-point beam fatigue (BF)
- Indirect tensile strength (ITS)
- Indirect tension (IDT)
- Semi-circular bend (SCB)
- Toughness index (TI)