An evaluation of test and removal for the elimination of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from 5 swine farms

Scott A. Dee, Michael D. Bierk, John Deen, Thomas W Molitor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this field study was to evaluate the protocol of test and removal (T&R) for the elimination of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from 5 chronically infected breeding herds. The T&R protocol involved sampling the entire breeding herd in one day, testing sera by polymerase chain reaction and ELISA to detect previously exposed and/or infected animals, and subsequently removing them from the herd. Following completion of T&R, breeding herds were monitored for 12 consecutive months, using ELISA, for the presence of antibodies to PRRSV. In order to be classified as a PRRSV-negative herd, all samples collected over the 12-month monitoring period were required to be negative by ELISA (s/p ratio < 0.4). At the conclusion of the monitoring period, all 5 farms were PRRSV-negative, according to the defined testing criteria. Approximately 2.2% (74/3408) ELISA false positive samples were detected across all 5 farms during the monitoring period. The diagnostic cost required during the T&R protocol was approximately US $10.66 per animal tested. Limitations of the study were a lack of herds with large (> 2000 sows) breeding herd inventories, and herds with a history of PRRSV vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume65
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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