Transcatheter embolization by Ivalon particles for treatment of arteriovenous malformations has been an accepted therapeutic technique for many years. We describe a new and efficient radiolabeling technique of Ivalon particles using [99mTc]sulfur colloid. Continuous and dynamic monitoring of injected radiolabeled Ivalon particles is made possible by viewing the persistence scope of a portable gamma camera whose head is positioned over the patient undergoing therapeutic embolization. Therefore, if inadvertent pulmonary embolism or reflux migration of radiolabeled Ivalon particles has occurred, the angiographer is immediately aware of this potentially serious or fatal complication and can take corrective action. We describe two patients, each with an arteriovenous malformation, who had therapeutic embolization with radiolabeled Ivalon particles, one resulting in reflux migration and the other resulting in inadvertent pulmonary embolism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|