An in situ estimate of daily food consumption and alimentary canal evacuation rates of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L.

L. M. Garcia, I. R. Adelman

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Daily food consumption and alimentary canal evacuation rates for common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., were estimated at 4‐week intervals from April to October 1979. Both the rate of food evacuation and its relationship to temperature were described by an exponential function. Gut evacuation rates ranged from 6.0% of gut contents per hour at 9°C to 32.7% h−1 at 26.5°C. Temperature accounted for 72–91% of the variation in gut evacuation rate among months. Daily food consumption varied from a low of 3.87 mg g−1 of fish wet wt per day in April at 14°C (0.39% of wet body wt) to a high of 40.75 mg g−1 (4.08%) in August at 26.5°C. Although a greater quantity of food appeared to be consumed during the morning in spring and early summer and a greater amount in the evening after July, there was not a statistically significant time of day for peak feeding activity. The field method described here seemed to provide reasonable estimates of food consumption compared with other field and laboratory studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-493
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of fish biology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1985

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