Analysis of fiber orientation in normal and failing human hearts using diffusion tensor MRI

Michael D. Eggen, Cory M. Swingen, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The helical arrangement of cardiac myofibers is responsible for equalizing myofiber strain and maximizing the ejection fraction in a normal heart. In one form of chronic heart failure (CHF) known as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), the heart dilates, wall stress is increased, and ventricular pump function is reduced. We investigated whether myofiber orientation is altered in DCM by quantifying fiber orientation in excised human hearts using diffusion tensor MRI. Normal hearts (n=4) and failing hearts (n=4) were imaged in the plane of the cardiac short-axis at the base and mid-ventricular levels. There was a shift in the distribution of fiber inclination angles in the CHF hearts to a more oblique orientation at both the base and mid-ventricular levels. These preliminary results provide information about remodeling of the myocardial architecture in heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009
Pages642-645
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2009
Event2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2009Jul 1 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009

Other

Other2009 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period6/28/097/1/09

Keywords

  • Diffusion tensor MRI
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Fiber orientation
  • Heart failure

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