As part of a total mixed ration, two rumen-fistulated dairy cows were fed meat and bone meal that had been artificially contaminated with Salmonella spp. Samples from the rumen, feces, and milk were taken 3 d/wk and cultured for salmonella. Rectal temperatures and rumen pH were also measured at the time of sample collection. Over the 2-mo study, salmonella were intermittently recovered from rumen contents, from feces, and from necropsy specimens of rumen contents, cecal contents, and mesenteric lymph nodes. No excretion of salmonella in milk was detected. An elevated rumen pH was associated with increased isolation of salmonella. No clinical illness was observed for either cow. Meat and bone meal that has been contaminated with low concentrations of salmonella is unlikely to result in clinical illness in healthy adult lactating cows. However, dairy producers should continue to be concerned about feed biosecurity and water contamination of animal by-products to prevent and control contamination by salmonella.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support for this project was funded by the Fats and Proteins Research Foundation, Inc. We appreciate the contributions of Karl Eckner at Silliker Laboratories (Chicago Heights, IL) for preparing the meat and bone inoculum, the National Veterinary Services Laboratory for serotyping the salmonella isolates, and David Determan for manuscript preparation.
- Meat and bone meal