Antigenic modulation by anti-CD5 immunotoxins

J. M. Manske, D. J. Buchsbaum, S. M. Azemove, D. E. Hanna, D. A. Vallera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the modulation of T101 immunotoxins (IT) and free T101 antibody from the surface of normal and leukemic cells to determine whether the presence of toxin on antibody affected antigenic modulation. Reagents were made by conjugating T101, which binds to the T cell antigen CD5, to either intact ricin or purified ricin A chain. We found that T101-A chain modulated CD5 more efficiently than T101-ricin, which modulated CD5 more efficiently than T101 alone. Kinetic studies showed that maximal modulation of IT was reached within 3 hr. When toxicity of the reagents was tested in protein synthesis inhibition assays, T101-ricin in the presence of lactose inhibited 99% of the protein synthesis of CEM cells. T101-A chain was less toxic, inhibiting protein synthesis only 23 to 43%. The addition of the potentiating agent monensin nearly doubled the toxicity of T101-A chain, but did not affect T101-A chain modulation. To determine the fate of bount IT, T101 and T101-ricin were labeled with 125I. Cells were incubated under modulating conditions in the presence of radiolabeled reagents. T101 and T101-ricin were internalized into CEM cells. In contrast, T101, but not T101-ricin, appeared to be shed from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Our findings show clearly that: 1) the presence of toxin on antibody does not inhibit - and may actually enhance - modulation; 2) T101-IT are internalized, not shed from the cell surface; 3) the lack of toxicity of T101-A chain is not attributed to inability to modulate; 4) there is no correlation beween enhancement of T101-A chain toxicity by monensin and antigenic modulation by A chain reagents; and 5) modulation, which is undesirable in monoclonal antibody therapy, may be advantageous in the therapeutic use of IT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4721-4728
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume136
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1986

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