Antioxidant function of phenethyl-5-bromo-pyridyl thiourea compounds with potent anti-HIV activity

Yanhong Dong, T. K. Venkatachalam, Rama Krishna Narla, Vuong N. Trieu, Elise A. Sudbeck, Fatih M. Uckun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a systematic search for novel dual function antioxidants with potent anti-HIV activity, we evaluated 9 rationally designed non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNI) of HIV-1 RT for antioxidant and anti-HIV activities. Our lead phenethyl-5-bromopyridyl thiourea (PEPT) compounds, N-[2-(2- methoxyphenylethyl)]-N′-[2-(5-bromopyridyl)]-thiourea (2) and N-[2-(2- chlorophenylethyl)]-N′-[2-(5-bromopyridyl)]-thiourea (9), inhibited the oxidation of ABTS to ABTS+ by metmyoglobin in the presence of hydrogen peroxide with EC50 values of 79 and 75 μM, respectively. Both compounds effectively inhibited the oxidation-induced green fluorescence emission from the free radical-sensitive indicator dye 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate in CEM human T-cells and Nalm-6 human B-cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide. To our knowledge, compounds 2 and 9 are the first NNI of HIV-1 RT with potent anti-oxidant activity. Furthermore, the activity center was defined as the sulfhydryl group since alkylated PEPT derivatives were inactive. The presence of a free thiourea group was also essential for the anti-HIV activity of the PEPT compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-90
Number of pages4
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 3 2000

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