Antithymocyte globulin treatment of severe aplastic anaemia

Wesley J Miller, Richard F. Branda, Patrick J. Flynn, Robert B. Howe, Norma K.C. Ramsay, Richard M. Condie, Harry S Jacob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nineteen patients with severe aplastic anaemia were treated with antithymocyte globulin. Ten patients obtained remissions (transfusion independent, at least 45000 platelets and 2000 PMN/mm3) within 2–3 months and continue in remission 5–35 months after antithymocyte globulin. Ages of responders ranged from 17 to 71. Complications of antithymocyte globulin included arthralgias, rash, serum sickness, angioedema and fever. Two patients died during, two shortly after, and one 10 months after therapy. One patient with a previous remission following antithymocyte globulin relapsed and achieved a second remission with retreatment. Previous androgen therapy did not affect outcome since two of four patients with and eight of 15 patients without previous androgen therapy achieved remission with ATG. Treatment with antithymocyte globulin is a promising alternative to bone marrow transplantation in the treatment of severe aplastic anaemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalBritish journal of haematology
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1983

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