Aortic dissection in young patients with chronic hypertension

B. A. Vogt, P. E. Birk, V. Panzarino, S. H. Hite, C. E. Kashtan

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe four patients aged 14 to 21 years who developed acute aortic dissection. In three of the four patients, the course was fatal, despite aggressive medical and surgical intervention. All four patients had sustained systemic hypertension related to chronic renal insufficiency. The patients had no other identifiable risk factors for aortic dissection, including congenital cardiovascular disease, advanced atherosclerosis, vasculitis, trauma, pregnancy, or family history of aortic dissection. Although aortic dissection is rare in individuals younger than 40 years of age, young patients with sustained systemic hypertension are at increased risk for this serious and often fatal condition. Physicians must be aware of this rare complication of hypertension and consider aortic dissection in the differential diagnosis of unusual chest, abdominal, and back pain in hypertensive children, adolescents, and young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-378
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Aortic dissection
  • Chronic renal insufficiency
  • Hypertension

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