Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by Gram-negative coccobacilli. Direct contact with the infected tissue or blood, consumption of infected dairy products, and inhalation of infectious aeresol particles can transmit the disease. Brucella endocarditis is rare but the most fatal complication of brucellosis. The most commonly involved valve is aortic valve. Mycotic aneurysms result as an involvement of central nervous system and can lead to serious complications. Herein we present a case with mycotic aneurysmal rupture and aortic insufficency and sinus valsalva fistula caused by brucella endocarditis. There were rare cases with brucella endocarditis and mycotic aneursymal rupture secondary to neurobrucellosis in the literature. Relevant complications are treated with aortic valve surgery and peripheral endovascular intervention.
- Mycotic aneurysm