Approach/Avoidance

Neil McNaughton, Colin G. DeYoung, Philip J. Corr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Approach and avoidance behaviors have evolved with adaptive constraints common to a plethora of positive and negative goals, respectively. Approach and avoidance systems are linked by contingencies to distinct systems that value positive (gain) and negative (loss) stimuli (e.g., omission of gain results in avoidance). An additional, phylogenetically old, behavioral inhibition system resolves goal conflicts (e.g., approach-avoidance). With this functional and neuropsychological analysis as a foundation, we review the neuroimaging data on transient mental states and more permanent traits (particularly extraversion and neuroticism) linked to approach, avoidance, and conflict. This field is in its infancy and we conclude by discussing theoretical problems that limit our identification of factors and methodological problems, particularly insufficient numbers in imaging samples, that limit the evidential value of most current results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages25-49
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)9780128009352
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Approach
  • Avoidance
  • Behavioral Inhibition System
  • Conflict
  • Extraversion
  • Neuroticism

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