Arabidopsis ASA1 is important for jasmonate-mediated regulation of auxin biosynthesis and transport during lateral root formation

Sun Jiaqiang, Xu Yingxiu, Ye Songqing, Jiang Hongling, Chen Qian, Liu Fang, Zhou Wenkun, Chen Rong, Li Xugang, Olaf Tietz, Wu Xiaoyan, Jerry D. Cohen, Klaus Palme, Lia Chuanyou

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201 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plant roots show an impressive degree of plasticity in adapting their branching patterns to ever-changing growth conditions.An important mechanism underlying this adaptation ability is the interaction between hormonal and developmental signals.Here,we analyze the interaction of jasmonate with auxin to regulate lateral root (LR) formation through characterization of an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant,jasmonate-induced defective lateral root1 (jdl1/asa1-1).We demonstrate that,whereas exogenous jasmonate promotes LR formation in wild-type plants,it represses LR formation in jdl1/asa1-1.JDL1 encodes the auxin biosynthetic gene ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE α1 (ASA1),which is required for jasmonateinduced auxin biosynthesis.Jasmonate elevates local auxin accumulation in the basal meristem of wild-type roots but reduces local auxin accumulation in the basal meristem of mutant roots,suggesting that,in addition to activating ASA1-dependent auxin biosynthesis,jasmonate also affects auxin transport.Indeed,jasm nate modifies the expression of auxin transport genes in an ASA1-dependent manner.We further provide evidence showing that the action mechanism of jasmonate to regulate LR formation through ASA1 differs from that of ethylene.Our results highlight the importance of ASA1 in jasmonate-induced auxin biosynthesis and reveal a role for jasmonate in the attenuation of auxin transport in the root and the fine-tuning of local auxin distribution in the root basal meristem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1511
Number of pages17
JournalPlant Cell
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

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