Rationale: Beyond the risks of smoking, there are limited data on factors associated with change in lung function over time. Objectives: To determine whether cardiorespiratory fitness was longitudinally associated with preservation of lung health. Methods: Prospective data were collected from 3,332 participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study aged 18-30 in 1985 who underwent treadmill exercise testing at baseline visit, and 2,735 participants with a second treadmill test 20 years later. The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and covariate adjusted decline in lung function was evaluated. Measurements and Main Results: Higher baseline fitness was associated with less decline in lung function. When adjusted for age, height, race-sex group, peak lung function, and years from peak lung function, each additional minute of treadmill duration was associated with 1.00 ml/yr less decline in FEV1 (P < 0.001) and 1.55 ml/yr less decline in FVC (P < 0.001). Greater decline in fitness was associated with greater annual decline in lung function. Each 1-minute decline in treadmill duration between baseline and Year 20 was associated with 2.54 ml/yr greater decline in FEV1 (P < 0.001) and 3.27 ml/yr greater decline in FVC (P < 0.001). Both sustaining higher and achieving relatively increased levels of fitness over 20 years were associated with preservation of lung health. Conclusions: Greater cardiopulmonary fitness in young adulthood, less decline in fitness from young adulthood to middle age, and achieving increased fitness from young adulthood to middle age are associated with less decline in lung health over time. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT 00005130).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|State||Published - May 1 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is conducted and supported by the NHLBI in collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham (HHSN268201300025C and HHSN268201300026C), Northwestern University (HHSN268201300027C), University of Minnesota (HHSN268201300028C), Kaiser Foundation Research Institute (HHSN268201300029C), and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (HHSN268200900041C). CARDIA is also partially supported by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and an intraagency agreement between NIA and NHLBI (AG0005). This manuscript has been reviewed by CARDIA for scientific content. Additional funding was provided by NHLBI R01 HL122477 (CARDIA Lung Study) and R01 HL078972 (CARDIA Fitness Study).
- Physical fitness
- Respiratory epidemiology
- Respiratory function tests