Background. Gastroesophageal reflux, by exposing the pharynx to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), is a potential risk factor for laryngohypopharyngeal carcinoma. Its possible association has been inconsistent. In this case-control study, we investigated the relationship between H. pylori seropositivity and laryngohypopharyngeal carcinoma in Iran. Methods. We had 105 healthy controls (group A), 70 cases of laryngeal carcinoma (group B), and 28 cases of hypopharyngeal carcinoma group (group C). Age, sex, smoking habit, alcohol use, and H. pylori serology were determined for all subjects. Results. Groups were matched in age and alcohol use. Smoking and H. pylori seropositivity were more common in groups B and C, and male sex was more common in group B (compared with group A). In multivariate regression, the effect of smoking (p <.01, odds ratio [OR] = 2.92) and H. pylori seropositivity (p <.01, OR = 11.49) remained highly significant. Conclusion. H. pylori is an independent risk factor for laryngohypopharyngeal carcinoma.
- H. Pylori
- Laryngohypopharyngeal carcinoma