Background: The cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) gene, is one of the candidate genes for susceptibility to Graves' disease. This study aimed to investigate the association of Graves' disease and Graves' ophthalmopathy with polymorphisms at position + 49 in exon 1 and positions - 318 and - 1147 in the promoter region of CTLA-4 gene in Iranian patients. Methods: A total of 205 unrelated Iranian patients with Graves' disease who were referred to the outpatient endocrine clinic of a large university general hospital and 103 sex-matched healthy controls were included in this study. Venous blood was obtained, genomic DNA was extracted by a salting out method, and the polymorphisms at positions + 49, - 318 and - 1147 of the CTLA-4 gene were determined using the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method (PCR-RFLP). Genotype and allele frequencies were determined. Results: The frequency of the G allele at position + 49 was significantly higher in patients with Graves' disease than in the control group (27.1% vs. 15.1%, OR = 2.096, 95%CI = 1.350-3.253 and p < 0.01). Significant trends were not seen for the other two polymorphisms studied. In patients with ophthalmopathy, the frequency of the G allele at position + 49 was higher than in those without ophthalmopathy (33.8% vs. 20.0%, OR = 2.043, 95%CI = 1.304-3.202 and p < 0.01). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the G allele at position + 49 in exon1 of the CTLA-4 gene is associated with Graves' disease and Graves' ophthalmopathy in Iranian patients.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the research committee of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- CTLA-4 gene
- Graves' disease
- Graves' ophthalmopathy