Association of TNF-α-308(GG), IL-10-819(TT), IL-10-1082(GG) and IL-1R1+1970(CC) genotypes with the susceptibility and progression of leprosy in North Indian population

Mohd Tarique, Raza Ali Naqvi, K. V. Santosh, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Neena Khanna, D. N. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by M. leprae. We analyzed 48 cytokine polymorphisms in 13 (pro as well as anti-inflammatory) cytokine genes using PCR-SSP assay in 102 leprosy patients and 120 healthy controls with intent to find out a link between cytokine polymorphisms and disease susceptibility. TNF-α (-308) GG, IL-10 (-819) TT, IL-10 (-1082) GG and IL1R (+1970) CC genotypes are found to be predominant (p= 0.01, p= 0.02, p= 0.0001 and p= 0.001, respectively) in both tuberculoid as well as lepromatous leprosy patients. This observation suggests these genotypes as play the central role(s) in the progression of disease. CBA assay demonstrates the varied serum concentration of these cytokines with respect to their genotypes. The above genotypes appeared as high producer genotypes in our study. Even in presence of high produce genotypes, TNF-α level are found to be affected/masked by the presence of IL-10 in leprosy patients. Expressional masking of TNF-α is associated with the expression of IL-10 in these patients. This is one the negative impact of SNP-SNP interaction in leprosy patients. Therefore, we can conclude that cytokine gene polymorphisms determine the predisposition to the leprosy progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalCytokine
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Authors are thankful to ICMR, New Delhi, India, for providing financial support for this study. Mohd Tarique is thankful to UGC for senior research fellowship.

Keywords

  • Cytokine polymorphism
  • Leprosy
  • SNP-SNP interaction
  • Serum cytokines

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