Objective: To describe the family mealtime environment and assess associations with adult fruit, vegetable, and fat intake. Design: Telephone survey. Participants: A convenience sample of 277 adults in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area were recruited through 4 schools. The sample was 85% female and 70% married. The mean number of children in the household was 2.6 (range 1 to 9). Variables Measured: Adult fruit and vegetable intake, fat intake, and perceptions of the mealtime environment. Analysis: Descriptive and mixed-model linear regression. Results: Participants reported that the television was frequently on during dinner meals and almost one third felt that their family was too busy to eat dinner together. A higher frequency of television viewing during dinner was associated with lower fruit and vegetable consumption and higher fat consumption. Planning meals in advance was associated with higher fruit and vegetable consumption; however, 46% of the adults did not plan meals in advance. Arguments concerning eating behavior during dinner were associated with higher fat consumption. Conclusion and Implications: The family meal environment is associated with adult eating patterns and should be considered when designing nutrition messages for families.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by an award from National Cancer Institute NIH: 5R01-CA71943-02 to Leslie Lytle, PhD.All research was conducted at the Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454. Address for correspondence: Kerri N. Boutelle, PhD, Division of Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota, Suite 160 McNamara Building, 200 Oak Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455; Tel: (612) 626-2633; Fax: (612) 626-2134; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ©2003 SOCIETY FOR NUTRITION EDUCATION
- Eating behavior