Background. To examine associations of weight loss and changes in fat distribution with changes in blood pressure and the remission of hypertension in a community-based sample. Methods. Participants were 3245 white and African-American men and women, 45-64 years of age, who participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study over an average of 9 years. Mixed models analyses were used to examine the associations of weight loss and changes in fat distribution with changes in blood pressure. Proportional hazard models with time-dependent covariates were used to examine the associations of weight loss and changes in fat distribution with the remission of hypertension. Results. Weight loss was associated with a decrease in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure and with an increased rate of remission of hypertension. Hazard ratios of the remission of hypertension associated with 1-kg increment in annual weight loss were 2.04 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.62-2.59), 1.38 (95% CI: 1.14-1.67), 1.84 (95% CI: 1.47-2.29), and 1.53 (95% CI: 1.14-2.05) for white women, African-American women, white men, and African-American men, respectively. Changes in fat distribution were associated with the remission of hypertension in younger (45-54 years) participants. Conclusions. Weight loss was associated with a decrease in blood pressure and with remission of hypertension in white and African-American men and women.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The ARIC study was funded by contracts N01-HC-55015, N01-HC-55016, N01-HC-55018, N01-HC-55019, N01-HC-55020, N01-HC-55021, and N01-HC-55022 from the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The authors thank the staff and participants in the ARIC study for their important contributions.
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- African American
- Fat distribution
- Weight loss