Attention, attraction, and individual differences in reaction to criticism

William G. Graziano, Thomas Brothen, Ellen Berscheid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

82 female undergraduates were classified as repressors or sensitizers (by scores on the Repression-Sensitization Scale) and led to expect either some future interaction or no future interaction with negative and positive evaluators. It was predicted that repressors would avoid attending to negative evaluators when no future interaction was anticipated more than sensitizers would, but that the groups would not differ when interaction was anticipated. This first prediction was not confirmed: The negative evaluator received more attention than the positive evaluator across all conditions. It was also predicted that repressors would react more positively to the negative evaluator than sensitizers when there was a prospect of future interaction, but that repressors would react less positively to the negative evaluator than sensitizers when there was no prospect of future interaction. This prediction was confirmed. Utility and individual differences in perception processes are discussed. (34 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-202
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1980

Keywords

  • anticipation of interaction with negative vs positive evaluators &
  • repression vs sensitization, reaction to criticism, female college students

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